Steroid Injections: Benefits, Side Effects And More

Steroid injections are a type of medication that may be used to treat a wide range of conditions.

They are most commonly used to treat inflammatory conditions, such as arthritis, tendinitis, bursitis, and carpal tunnel syndrome.

Steroid injections could also be used to treat conditions such as acne, asthma, and allergies. 

Steroid injections are typically given by a doctor or another healthcare professional. They are usually given intramuscularly, which means they are injected into a muscle.

The injection site is usually the buttocks, shoulder, or thigh. Steroid injections are generally considered safe when they are given by a healthcare professional.

However, there are a few side effects that may occur, such as pain, redness, and swelling at the injection site.

In rare cases, more serious side effects could occur, such as allergic reactions or infections. 

If you are considering having a steroid injection, have a look through this article, we discussed the same. 


What Is Steroid Injection?

Steroid injections are synthetic medications that resemble the hormone cortisol, which your adrenal glands naturally produce.

It assists regulate several bodily processes by reducing inflammation and immunological responses.

Unlike anabolic steroids, which are testosterone analogs with only sporadic medicinal applications, these injections are different.

Anabolic steroids are forbidden by several athletic organizations.

Steroid injections are not appropriate for everyone and do include dangers, including the possibility of serious adverse effects, even though they may be helpful.

Steroid Injections Benefits

  1. Rheumatoid Arthritis

    Steroid injections are a common treatment for rheumatoid arthritis. They could be used to relieve pain and swelling in the joints and may also help to improve mobility.

    The injections are usually given to the affected joint, but they could also be given to the muscles around the joint. Steroid injections are usually given every four to six weeks.

    In some cases, a series of injections may be given over some time. The number of injections you receive will depend on the severity of your arthritis and your response to treatment.

  1. Psoriatic Arthritis

    Most people with psoriatic arthritis find that a combination of treatments is needed to achieve the best possible results. Treatment usually starts with a focus on reducing inflammation and pain.

    Once inflammation is under control, other treatments may be introduced to help reduce further joint damage and improve quality of life.

    Steroid injections could be very effective at reducing inflammation and pain in the joints. 

  1. Gout

    Gout is a type of arthritis that could cause sudden, severe attacks of pain, swelling, and redness in joints.

    It most often affects the big toe, but it may also affect the ankles, knees, elbows, wrists, and fingers.

    Steroid injections are a common gout treatment. They could help relieve pain and swelling during a gout attack.

    Steroid injections may also be used to prevent future attacks.

  1. Sciatica

    There are different types of steroid injections, and the type of injection that is used will depend on the severity of the Sciatica.

    The most common type of steroid injection is the epidural steroid injection.

    This type of injection is typically used to treat Sciatica that is caused by a herniated disc.

    The epidural steroid injection is given into the epidural space, which is the area around the spinal cord.

    The steroid helps to reduce the inflammation and pain associated with the herniated disc. 

  1. Back Pain

    A frequent treatment for back discomfort is steroid injections.

    They could be used to relieve pain and inflammation caused by a variety of conditions, such as arthritis, disc problems, and nerve compression.

    A local anesthetic is often used along with the steroid to help reduce pain during and after the injection.

    Steroid injections typically provide relief for a few weeks to a few months.

    If your pain does not improve after the first injection, you may be given a second injection.

    Some people may need up to three injections over several months to get the desired results.

  1. Inflamed Bursae

    Bursitis is a condition that occurs when the bursae, which are small fluid-filled sacs that act as cushions between bones and tissues, become inflamed.

    Bursitis may be caused by repetitive motions, direct trauma, or underlying conditions such as arthritis or gout. Steroid injections are a common treatment for bursitis.

    Steroids are anti-inflammatory medications that could help reduce the swelling and pain associated with bursitis.

    Injections are usually given every one to three weeks and may be combined with physical therapy to help improve the condition.

Side Effects Of Steroid Injections

  1. Infections

    Steroid injections are a common and effective treatment for a variety of conditions, but they could also cause infections.

    Infections after a steroid injection are usually caused by bacteria that enter the body through the needle during the injection.

    The risk of developing an infection after a steroid injection is relatively low, but it is still important to be aware of the potential risks.

    If you develop an infection after a steroid injection, you may experience symptoms such as redness, swelling, and pain at the injection site. You may also develop fever, chills, and body aches.

  1. Allergic Reactions

    Steroid injections may sometimes cause allergic reactions. These reactions are usually mild and could be treated with antihistamines, but in rare cases, they may be severe and even life-threatening.

    The most common type of reaction to a steroid injection is called an anaphylactic reaction.

    This occurs when the body’s immune system reacts to the injection, causing the airways to swell and making it difficult to breathe.

    Anaphylactic reactions could be treated with epinephrine, but they may also be fatal.

    Other, less severe reactions to steroid injections include itching, redness, and swelling at the injection site.

    These reactions are usually not serious and will go away on their own.

  1. Bleeding

    These injections could sometimes cause bleeding at the injection site. This usually occurs when the needle punctures a blood vessel while injecting the steroid into the tissue.

    While bleeding from a steroid injection is usually not dangerous, it may be a cause for concern in some cases.

    If you have a bleeding disorder or are taking blood thinners, you may be at a higher risk for developing more serious complications from a steroid injection.

  1. Fatigue

    Fatigue is a general feeling of tiredness that is not relieved by rest.

    It could be caused by a variety of different factors, and in the case of steroid injections, it is thought to be caused by the body’s reduced ability to produce certain hormones.

    While fatigue from steroid injections is usually not severe, it can be unpleasant and can make it difficult to carry out day-to-day activities.

    If you are experiencing fatigue from a steroid injection, there are a few things you can do to try to alleviate it.

    Before anything else, confirm that you are getting sufficient sleep and relaxation.

    Secondly, stay hydrated by drinking plenty of fluids. Third, eat a balanced diet and avoid sugary or fatty foods.

  1. Mood Changes

    Steroids can increase energy levels and make people feel more upbeat.

    However, they can also cause irritability, aggression, and even depression.

  1. Ruptured Tendon

    The tissue band that joins a muscle to a bone is called a tendon. The Achilles tendon is the largest in the body, and it is located in the back of the ankle.

    When this tendon becomes damaged or tears, it is called a ruptured Achilles tendon.

    Steroid injections are a common treatment for a variety of conditions, including tendinitis.

    However, steroid injections can also weaken the Achilles tendon, making it more susceptible to rupture.

    Injecting steroids into the Achilles tendon can cause the tendon to tear or rupture.

    The risk of this complication is increase with the number of injections and the strength of the steroid medication.


Although steroid injections are a well-liked remedy for several ailments, they are not risk-free.

While serious side effects are rare, they can include infection, nerve damage, and joint damage.

Steroid injections should be used only when other treatments have failed and should be administered by a trained medical professional.